गुल्मी जिल्लाLocation:The Gulmi District is one of 75 districts in Nepal and one of the six districts of Lumbini Zone. It lies in the hill region in the western part of the country. The District is bounded on west by Pyuthan District, on the east by Syangja District, on the north by Baglung District, and on the south by Arghakanchi, and Palpa Districts. It’s length is about 40km and wide 30km. It is about 465meter to 2690meter from the sea level.This District covers an area of 107,919 hectares and is divided in to 79 village Development Committees. The District Headquarters is at Tamghas. According to geographical structure this District is divided in to two parts.a) Hilly Partb) Besi PartIn Hilly part there are higher peak like Resunga, Thaple lek, Marbhung lek and Wamidaha lek. Etc. Under Besi part Ridi, Khaireni, Chorkate, Majuwa, Wami taxar. Etc.The Gulmi District is also one of 15 districts included in the Western Development Region. Daungha is one of these villages, situated about 26 km southeast of the District Headquarters at Tamghas. The nearest roadhead is at Lumchha Hardeneta, which has a 25 km earthen road link with Tamghas, and a 50 km earthen road link with Tansen via Ridi Bazar.Geographical details:SituatedAltitude - From270 55’ N to 280 27’ NLongitude - From 830 10’ E to 830 35’ EHeight - From 465M (Ride) to 3990M (The top of Thaple)Division:District - GulmiZone - LumbiniDevelopment Region - WesternHeadquarters - TamghasConstitnertcies - 3Areas - 13V.D.C. - 79Boundary:East - Syanja and parbatWest - PyuthanNorth - BaglungSouth - Palpa and ArghakhanchiTotal land Area - 124937.97 hectareMajor Religions and Historical places of Gulmi.1. Resunga :- Pokhari, temple area , Yagyashala2. Ridi :- Rishikesh temple and Kali Gandaki3. Rudrabeni :- Kali Gandaki Dovan4. Dhurkot :- Dhurkot Gupha5. Charpala :- Iswori Mandir of DarbarMajor castes of GulmiAccording to the 2058 cencus its total population is 296654 out of them.Population 2058No of Houses 59189Male 133771Female 162883Total 296654Rate of growth 1.28Density 258People working abroadThe statistical report shows that the Nepalese are working in most of the countries of the world. More than 93% of the outsiders are work in India, 2% Saudi Arabia and 4% in other countries.Religion.Most of the people follow Hindu. 285070 of the population are Hindus like wise Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, and others are 10965,419,113 and 16 respectively.It because of the problem of unemployment people are changing their religion.Casts:-On the basis of the statistical report 2058, the number of Brahmins . chhetries, Magars, Kamis, Sarkis, Damais, Kumals, Newars, Sanyasis, Thakuris, and others are 84455, 68653, 59123, 28065, 9990, 9489, 7452, 5451, 4669, 3511 and 15806 respectives.Its because of education the rate of growth of Brahmins and chhetris is decreasing..On the basisBrahaman, Kshetri, Thakuri, Magar, Gurung, Newar, Bote, Kumal, Kami-Damai, Sarki, Gaeene, Sunar are the major castes of the Gulmi Districts. Among them Barhamans are highest in number and the second ranks goes to Ksherti. In this District there is male dominate society but these they started to give a little bit opportunity to female.Economical Condition of the people.The economical source of Gulmi District is agriculture about 90% people are depending upon agriculture rest 10% people are on job, trade and other occupation. Under the job sector most of kshetri and magar caste people are there in Army (esp. in Indian Army) Only fewer number of people are there in official work.The Main Adventurous spots of Gulmi.1. Resunga Pokhari and temples2. Dhurkot Gupha3. Temple area of Rishikesh (Ridi)4. Coffee zone of Anapchaur5. Arjun lek6. Temple zone of Ram mandir area Tamghas.The life style of people and cultureThe life style of Gulmeli people is as average Nepalies. There are mostly one two stored house made by mud and stone. The roofs are slate, tin, and in minor number grass. In Besi or vally there day modern concret housr are also developed. People are having their major foods Bhata, Dal, Roti, Tarkari, Aato, Dhindo, etc. Milk and ghee are know as nutritions food here.There are some permanant culturein our people they are:Nwaran, Pasni (Bhat Khuwai) choodakarm, Bartabandha, Marriage and financial procession etc.People are celebrating Dashian, Tihar, Teej, Maghesakaarnti, Saoonesakarrti, Janaipurnima etc. According to festival different varities foods are taken in Thir they are taking Roti, different fruits, meat, in Teej specially woman are fasting for their husbandand privious day they are eating ghee, dar (rice pudding) in Magh khichadi, roti and tarul(yam) is taken.Weather change in GulmiNormally this District has mild climates. In Besi side from April to nJune there is hot but it’s tempature Never goes more than 30 . October to February there is very cold. The most cold place is Tamghas and it’s surrounds hill Resunga and Arjun.Population:According to the 2058 cencus, its total population is 296654, of themPeople Work abroad:The stastical report shows that the Neplese are work in most of the countries of the world. More than 93% of the outsider work in India 2% saudi Arabia and 4% in other countries.Physical Characteristics:The district is dominated by ridges interspersed with river valleys.The elevation ranges from 610 to 3,050 meters . The cliamtic condidition varies accroding to altitude . The district has three types of climate:• sub:tropical• mild-temperature• cool-temperatre .The temperature varies from an average minimum of 14.80 c in the winter to an average maximum of 23.30 c in the summer .The average annual rainfall is 1,516.6 ml.Rivers:The major river Kaligandaki comes from across the himalayas and other Badigadh ,Challikkhola , Nisti,Hugdi,Ridi, Daram and Panaha comes from hills.There is no any accountable lake or pond in the district.Land use :Of the land area 50.2 percent (54,178 ha) is agricultre land, 29.2 percent (31,468 ha) is under cultivation , 21.0 percent (22,710 ha ) is no-cultivate alnd, 11.1 percent (11,964 ha ) is grass land, 37.7 percent (40664 ha ) is forest, and reamning 1.0 percent (1,113ha ) is covered by sand , gravel,boulder,and water bodies. The land under cultivation is higher than national average but the per capita land holding of 0.12 ha is lower than the national average.According to the District Education Office the literacy rate of this district is 66% (Male :- 78% and Female :- 53%)According to the census of 2058 the level wise report of literate population above the age of six years.Those who don’t goto school 16665 11.7%(1-5) Primary Level 70813 49.5%(6-7) Lower Secondary Level 29356 20.6%(8-10) Secondary Level 12062 8.5%S.L.C or Equivalent 9098 6.4%I.A or Equivalent 2785 2.0%B.A. or Equivalent 1050 0.8%M.A. or Equivalent 273 0.3%Others 189 0.1%Unidentified Levels 186 0.1%Total 143288 100%According to the District Education Office of Gulmi , the number of schools is as given below.Pre-Primary 95Primary 385Lower Secondary 6Secondary 84Higher Secondary 14Tota. 518Structure of Houses:Number of Houses 59189Concrete 30817Semi Concrete 18390Mud House 5260Otheres 236The use of water resources.Pipes Taps 46918River & Wells 6978Ponds 902Others 556Not Mentioned 491The use of fuels.Firewood 54927Kerosene 2691Bio-gas 467Others 48Not mentioned 491Use of light (lamps)Electricity 8871Kerosene 48771Bio-gas 258Others 693Not Mentioned 596Use of Toilets.Concrete 6897Unmetalled 28096No Toilet 23310Not mentioned 886Total 59189Families involved in economic activities.In Industries 425In Business 2116In Transport 59In Services 3008Others 1080Total 6688Population over 10 years of age actively involved in economic activitiesOfficers and Managers 213Businessman 2411Technical Personnels 965Assistant Officials 823Shop assistants 4510Qualified and Semi qualified workers related to forest and agriculture 109364Industrial workers 10778Mechanical 280General 16127Unmentioned 65Total 145536HealthPrimary Health Centre 3Health Post 13Sub Health Post 64Public Health Division 1Ayurvedic Pharmacy 3District Ayruvedic Health Centre 1Tamghas Hospital 1Clinics 166Posted by MY Gulmi at 12:50 AM 0 commentsSaturday, January 19, 2008Gulmi Rajya :- Charpala was held synonymous with Gulmi Rajya. It is the brave parental house of brave Raj Rajeshwori, the queen consort of His majesty King Rana Bahadur Saha. Prior to the unification of Nepal . Charpala was a big and powerful princely state. Situated in the existing Darbar Devisthan V.D.C. Charpala played a vital role in the naming of the present Gulmi district. Still extant in Charpal are old weapons and the metal image of goddess Bhagwati. Daily offerings are made here. Lying in the premises of the palace, those courtyards have their own unique historical place. Charpala lies in the distance of 6 K.M south east of the headquarters of Tamghas. Charpal has now become accessible to motorable roads. Established in B.S. 1493 this state was dovetailed in to Nepal in the year 1863.Musikot Rajya:- It is also one of the princely states. Musikot is a home to the temple of khadagdevi, kotaGhar and many other things of historical significance. Because of the temple of khadagdevi, kota is also known as the darbar-koti. On the occasion of Bada Dashain and chaite Dushain, goddess Durga is worshipped with gusto and enthusiasm. Situated in the musikot V.D.C. Koti is perched on the peak. This peak lies in the distance of 5 kosh north-east of Tamghas . This rajya emerged in the year 1550 BC which was embedded in Nepal in 1843.Isma Rajya:- It is also known as a princely state. The capital of this state was situated in the existing .Isma V.D.C..Different weapons of the then, king of Isma are still preserved and in tact in the house of weapon. Bada Dashain and Chaite Dashain are celebrated worshipping the goddess kali. Lying 5 kosh North-east of Tamghas,Isma is now accessible to motorists. Created in 1550BS, it was merged in Nepal in the year 1843.Dhurkot Rajya:- Also a princely state, Dhurkot is named after a peak which has the shape of pyramid.This state falls in the present Dhurkot Rajasthal V.D.C. The kot of this place is thronged by a lot of people who assemble here to celebrate such holy and religious occasions as Badadashain and chaitedashain. Five kosh south of Tamghas, Dhurkot can be reached by vehicles. Being in the womb of oblivion, an awe- inspiring cave has been recently found out. Established in 1465 BS this state was subsumed in Nepal in 1843.Ruru chettra:- Seated 11 and 5kosh away from Tamghas and Tansen respectively, Ruru is one of the four of holiest places along the Ganga-born Bishnu Gandasthal. Kali Gandhaki is the only one river where the rare, eminent and god- like shaligran can be found . Situated at the confluence of the rivers kali Gandhakati & Ridi, Ruru is an ancient holy place, Lying on the Tansen- Tamghas section of motor road, Ridi is a point of entry for Gulmi. A virgin named Ruru practised austeries in this same place which had been a place of penance for such sages as Dev Dutta, Bhrigu, and pravriti.A confluence of two rivers, three districts and two zones, Guru has religious and historical importance. The tourist- importance of this place can hardly be overemphasized. The famous Hrishikesh temple lies in palpa district. Other principal temples include the Ruru – kanya mandir , the Danbhukteshor Mandir, sontyashwor Mandir and Manimukundeshwor Mandir. Hanuman – shila , kamal- pokhari- cvme, Bhrigutungeshwor and Galful came are the places of tourist spots. Haribodhani Ekadashi and the first day of Magh are celebrated, and religious fair is also held.Rudrabani :- Situated at the confluence of the Kali Gandaki and Rudrawati , Rudrabani is a holy place.Originating from the Rudralake, Rudrawati or Badigarlh is the biggest of the rivers flowing in Gulmi.Sundar Ashram is seated in Rudrabani. There is a Ram Mandir of exquisite beauty; where religious ritual is performed without fail. A religious fair is held on the auspicious occasion of Ram Nawami.Shringa:- West of Ruru region , Shringa- hermitage lies in Baletaxar VDC. From the heritage,one can drink the exotic and panaromic view of the snow-capped mountain ranges. Legend says that Shringa used to be the hermitage of the sage Hrishi. It is still inhabited by saints and hermits. It also houses the temple of Narmadeshwor Mahadev.Marbhung malika:- Perched on the highest peak of Gulmi, Malika sthan is 11kosh west of Tamghas. It abounds in rich spots of scenic beauty. Marbhung is a shelter to the rare herbs . The endengered flora and fauna and many aother precious vegetations. People congregate to malikadevi Mandir and seek divine favour fromo the goddess. On the occasion of Baisakhe- purnima (full moon in the month of Baisakh) and kojagarta- purnima, image- stone of the goddess is worshippepd.Kurga Malika:- Five kosh away from the Gulmi headquaters lies kurga malika, which is the perennial source of natural spring. There is a temple here known as the Malika Mandir. Legend has it that the goddess is deaf. The devotee is supposed to shout to see divine favours. Malika to seek favours. It is believed that the goddess fulfills all the desires of the visitors provided they should please her. This is a shaktipeeth. A big religious fair is held on the occasion of kartike – vibhuk- purnima.Dibhrung:- Situated in the distance of 6 kosh from Tamghas, the holy place Dibhrung lies in the Dibhrung V.D.C. under Region number 1. It is a holy religion place. Apart from ancient khadak mandir, pond and Dibhrung mandir , an imposing Dibhrung Dharmadwari lokeshwore Hermitage constructed by swami parmamanda swami also lies in this place.The principal agricultural products of gulmi are coffee, ginger and orange. Gulmi is the pioneer district in the production of coffee. Aapchaur and 33 neighbouring V.D.Cs. are renowned for commercial cultivation of coffee. The coffee of Gulmi meets the international standard, and it is exported to Japan.Next to coffee, another agricultural product is ginger. Among the place where gingers is cultivated. cultivated for commercial purpose are Deegam, Johang,Ghamir , Thanpati and Hunga. From these places ginger is sent to such market places as palpa, Butwal and to other Indian market places.Nayagaon, peepal Dhar, Hadhade and Arkhale are famous for orange. The nearest market place for this product is Tamghas. Other places are Tansen and Butwal.